PFL For Providing Care
The person you provide care to must be a family member with a serious health condition.
Qualified types of care include:
Physical care, emotional support, visitation, assistance in treatment, transportation, arranging for a change in care, assistance with essential daily living matters, personal attendant services, traveling to pick up medication
Who counts as a care-receiving person (family member) for PFL purposes?
Spouse, domestic partner, child, parent, grandparent, grandchild
The definition of parent is very generous under PFL and includes: Biological, foster, or adoptive parent, a legal guardian (or other person who stood in loco parentis to the employee when the employee was a child) as well as step parents and in-laws.
What counts as a serious health condition?
The family member you care for must be incapacitated for at least 4 consecutive days with either
- at least 2 doctor treatments or
- 1 doctor treatment and a doctor-supervised regimen thereafter
PFL regulations provide specific examples of serious health conditions, including:
Chronic serious health condition (such as asthma, diabetes, and epilepsy); long-term illness, injury, impairment, or physical or mental condition (such as such as Alzheimer's, a severe stroke, or the terminal stages of a disease); treatments for cancer (e.g., chemotherapy and radiation), severe arthritis (physical therapy), or kidney disease (dialysis)
What does not qualify as treatment for a serious health condition:
- Regimen or treatment that can be and is initiated without a visit to a health care provider (such as taking of over-the-counter medications, bed-rest)
- Conditions such as the common cold, the flu, ear aches, upset stomach, minor ulcers, headaches other than migraine, routine dental or orthodontia problems – unless complications arise
- Routine exams; cosmetic treatments (such as most treatments for acne or plastic surgery)